Modulation by islet-activating protein of adenylate cyclase activity in C6 glioma cells.


The cAMP content of intact cells as well as adenylate cyclase of the membrane-rich particulate fractions was studied with C6 glioma cells that had been exposed to the culture medium supplemented with islet-activating protein (IAP), one of the pertussis toxins. Both the increase in the cellular cAMP content in response to a beta-adrenergic agonist and the stimulation of membrane adenylate cyclase by the beta-agonist and/or GTP were markedly enhanced by the IAP treatment of C6 cells, but no change was induced in affinities of the agonist (or an antagonist) or GTP for their respective sites of action (or binding). The concentration of IAP required for the half-maximal enhancement was as low as 1 pg/ml, when the time of cell exposure to the toxin was prolonged to 18 h. No enhancement was observed for the basal cAMP content or basal enzyme activity, nor was activation of adenylate cyclase by Gpp(NH)p (or NaF) affected by IAP treatment. The Vmax value of a specific and low Km GTPase was significantly smaller in the membranes of IAP-treated cells than in those of control cells. Cholera toxin treatment of cells activated adenylate cyclase without exerting any influence on these IAP actions. Thus, IAP would appear to enhance beta-receptor-coupled stimulation of adenylate cyclase, in a manner distinct from cholera toxin, by rendering more GTP available to the GTP sites on the regulatory subunit of the receptor-enzyme system.

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